Technology Giving Access to Healthcare in Africa
Access to healthcare in Africa differs greatly from region to region; and from urban centres to rural villages. The distance one lives to an urban centre determines the access they have to medical services, and is frequently a barrier. According to the World Economic Forum, it is estimated that Africa holds a quarter of the world’s disease burden yet it is home to only 2% of its doctors. Digital access to critical professional services is set to be a potential game changer, especially in healthcare.
While infectious diseases are declining in Africa, non-communicable diseases like cancer are on the rise. Cancer, even in treatable cases, is extremely deadly in Africa due to the lack of access to diagnostic services and treatment. Some regions only have one pathologist per 1 million people. This gap is slowly being filled by technological innovations.
“It is shocking to see the growing toll that diseases like cancer and diabetes are taking on the people who can least afford healthcare. Governments must act on pledges to prevent these diseases in the first place, and to ensure that people can obtain services to treat them” - Dr Tedros Ad-hanom Ghebreyesus, WHO Director-General
Mixed reality technologies unveil numerous possibilities to advance reach of health programmes and systems. Sierra Leone roboticist David Sengeh is using artificial intelligence to detect risk of cervical cancer. The software can be trained with a database of images to detect colour changes in the cervix that are attributed to a high risk of the disease. This technology can have a great impact on curing this treatable cancer that presently results in 60,000 deaths every year across the African continent.
American ear surgeon Susan Emmett is currently testing out mobile screening technology to measure hearing capacity that would cost ten times less than traditional methods. The technology uses noise-cancelling headphones, a mobile phone and an adapter to transfer the data from the headphones to the phone. This technology removes the need for an audiologist, permanent equipment and a soundproof room, all of which are hard to come by in Malawi where there are only 2 ear surgeons and 11 audiologists across the entire country.
Pratik Shah of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology has developed software that uses a cell phone camera to identify biomarkers for oral cancer. While oral cancer is the sixth most common type of cancer globally, it is the third most common cancer in developing nations where the lack of access to treatment results in a very high mortality rate.
Andrew Bastawrous’ “eye-phone” is made up of a clip-on device and paired app for mobile phones that takes images of the back of the eye to measure sight, and sends these results to the app to be read. This technology could have a major impact on visual impairment in Africa, where 15.3% of the world’s blind population lives. Approximately 80% of blindness is preventable with current knowledge and technology, and improved access to these innovations could drastically improve eye health in Africa.
All of these emerging technologies have the opportunity to improve the health of many across Africa. As these innovations are developed and dispersed across the continent, progress can be made towards SDG 3: ensuring healthy lives and promoting well-being for all at all ages.
Taking place on 27-28 February 2018 in Nairobi, Kenya, the Aid & Development Africa Summit will explore the impact of mixed reality technologies on the African healthcare landscape. The Summit agenda offers an update on regional health programmes and collaborations, as well as innovations and best practice in disease prevention. Expert speakers including Matthias Boyen, UAV Focal Point - HIV/AIDS support project officer at UNICEF, Olawale Maiyegun, Director of Department of Social Affairs at African Union Commission, Mamadou Biteye, Managing Director of The Rockefeller Foundation and Alberto Ibanez Llario, WASH And Solar Specialist at IOM will share insights and ways to leverage local innovation and engage key stakeholders in order to enable access to crucial health care services in East Africa. See agenda
The Aid & Development Africa Summit features keynote presentations, interactive sessions and themed roundtables to engage with humanitarian and development leaders, decision makers and advisors committed to achieving the health SDGs in the region. For more information about the Aid & Development Africa Summit, please visit africa.aidforum.org or get in touch with Alina O’Keeffe, Head of Marketing at firstname.lastname@example.org
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Image Source: African Business